Inudeak eta Artzainak and the Caldereros
- 2022 Jan 08
Caldereros (travelling people)
They come from Hungary to announce the Carnival
The calderero krewes, who commemorate the arrival of travelling people to the city and announce the Carnival (and the inudeak eta artzainak parade), take to the streets of San Sebastián in the evening of the first Saturday in February or of the first Saturday after Candlemas (February 5th). The traditional caldereros krewe makes its way round the Old Town with 18 'tribes’ who bang their pots and pans to the rhythm of the melodies written by Raimundo Sarriegui; they are accompanied by the Queen, the Ladies-in-waiting, the Director and his assistants, a bear, bear cub and handler.
Although they had occasionally been found in the Carnivals held in the first half of the 19th century, the original Caldereros Krewe paraded in San Sebastián on the morning of February 2nd 1884, to celebrate the Catholic festivity of Candlemas. The event disappeared in 1912 under Pope Pius X. The Calderero krewes were reinstated by the Gaztelupe gastronomic society in 1924, followed by Gaztelubide in 1942.
Inudeak eta Artzainak
The troupe of nurses and pastors preludes Carnival
The Sunday after the Caldereros celebration (the first Sunday in February or the one following Candlemas) sees the Inudeak eta Artzainak parade, a wink to the courting that went on between nursemaids and shepherds when the latter came down into the city. It also represents the vaccination of babies. This is yet another event in the local run-up to Carnival. The music is basically by Maestro Raimundo Sarriegi. The parade includes 30 couples of inude eta artzainak, some 60 drummers, and other characters like the mayor and his wife, a secretary, a bishop, a priest, altar boys, provincial policemen, a wafer-seller, a boot cleaner, a baker-woman, a street sweeper and other characters in period dress.
The celebration disappeared in 1912 when Pope Pius X announced that the holiday previously celebrated for Candlemas was to be a normal working day, although the Kresala Association finally recovered the event as one of the activities organised to celebrate its 10th anniversary in 1977.